Transport and Social Exclusion in five African Cities - a report produced by INTALInC and supported by VREF

This report is a scoping study of the transport conditions and experiences of people and communities living at the margins of Africa’s burgeoning cities, and is established with the participation of African partner organisations and local communities. Across five case studies, the authors have focused on the needs of the majority people who are living on or below the poverty threshold for their country.

The term ‘transport’ is used in its widest sense to include all aspects of travel from walking and other non-motorized trips to public and private motorized journeys. However, air passenger travel is not included in the study, largely because it does not play a large part in the lives of low-income populations. Urban freight movements and their impacts on cities are also not really considered by the study, although they are sometimes highly relevant, especially those from rural areas into city centres.

The study is also far from comprehensive or systematic in its geographical coverage. Its find-ings are based on eight randomly selected case study cities and these analysed only the ex-tremely limited, publicly available evidence that could be identified through desk-based re-search. The simple aim of the study is to offer some high-level insights into the transport needs of the socially excluded populations living in African cities, as well as a flavour of how transport affects their everyday activities and livelihoods.

More robust empirical research is definitely needed, encompassing many more cities, to be able to offer a comprehensive picture of the important issues we raise in the report. This is the main intention behind the VREF’s major Mobility and Access in African Cities (MAC) programme started this year (2019).


The pdf-version of the synthesis report in English can be downloaded: see the column beside in "Reports" for downloading.

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Call for Project Proposals Pdf, 402.9 kB.

Deadline: 15 September 2022


- Fourth Call for Research Proposals Pdf, 1.3 MB.

Closed: 1 September 2022


- Catalysing Curriculum Change at Universities in SSA 2022 Pdf, 1.3 MB.

Deadline extended to 1 Nov. 2022


Deadline: 31 October 2022

MOBILITY GRANT 2022- MAC-MG 2022 Pdf, 447.1 kB.

Deadline: 31 October 2022

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Global Mobility Research

This Meeting of the Minds' blog monthly releases interviews of global transportation researchers from the VREF's Future Urban Transport Program Network.


This CityFix series, produced by the WRI (World Ressources Institute) Ross Center for Sustainable Cities and supported by the VREF, discusses walking and cycling in cities with a special focus on low- and middle-income countries.

About VREF

The Volvo Research and Educational Foundations (VREF) inspires, initiates and supports research and educational activities through the Future Urban Transport Programme - How to deal with the complexity of urban transport (FUT). 

Our Vision: Sustainable transport for equitable access in urban areas


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